From the fifth to the 15th Century, Europe underwent a period of great change and uncertainty. Yet amidst all the wars and rebellion were times when artists flourished and culture thrived. Some of this culture is evident in the architecture that survived the Middle Ages and can be found in these ten top medieval European cities today.
This historical town was once the capital City of Bohemia and the capital city of the Roman Empire, making it the top medieval city on our list. The visually striking Prague Castle was once the seat of two Popes and is the official state residence of the country’s current president. Prague’s medieval influence can be seen in the city’s well-preserved architecture, which boasts of Baroque, Gothic and Renaissance influence. This top medieval city’s imposing historical sites like the Charles Bridge and Old Town Square are softened by the cobbled streets zigzagged across the city and the occasional hidden courtyard.
Built by the Romans in 71 AD, the walled city of York has lost none of its charm throughout the years. Strategically located where the Rivers Ouse and Foss meet in North Yorkshire, York was an important city to the Romans, who made it the capital city of the Roman Province of Britannica. It was also essential real estate to the Church of England, as the Cathedral of York, also known as the York Minster, is the seat of the second-highest post in the Church of England. Both Anglo and Roman influences can be seen in the city’s narrow winding streets and gothic architecture, making it a top medieval city in Europe.
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